Evolutionary Biology

Breadcrumb Navigation




Byers, K., Darragh, K.ª, Musgrove, J., Abondano, D.ª, Garza, S.ª, Warren, I.A., Rastas, P., Kucka, M., Yingguang F.C., Merrill, R.M., Schulz, S, McMillan, W.O, & Jiggins, C.D. (2020) A major locus controls a biologically active pheromone component in Heliconius melpomene. Evolution 74: 349-364

1 Darragh, Kª, Montejo-Kovacevich, G. Kozak, K.K., Morrison, C.R., Figueiredo, C.L.E., Ready, J.S., Salazar, C., Linares, M., Merrill, R.M., McMillan, W.O, Schulz, S, & Jiggins, C.D. (2020) Species specificity and interspecific variation in the chemical profiles of Heliconius butterflies across a large geographical range. Ecology and Evolution 10:3895-3918

Mérot, C., Debat V., Le Poul, Y., Merrill, R.M., Naisbit, R., Tholance, A., Jiggins, C., & Joron, M. (2020) Hybridisation and transgressive exploration of wing morphology in Heliconius butterflies. J Evol Biol, In press

Kapun M, Barrón MG, Staubach F, Obbard DJ, Wiberg RAW, Vieira J, Goubert C, Rota-Stabelli O, Kankare M, Bogaerts-Márquez M, Haudry A, Waidele L, Kozeretska I, Pasyukova EG, Loeschcke V, Pascual M, Vieira CP, Serga S, Montchamp-Moreau C, Abbott J, Gibert P, Porcelli D, Posnien N, Sánchez-Gracia A, Grath S, Sucena É, Bergland AO, Guerreiro MPG, Onder BS, Argyridou E, Guio L, Schou MF, Deplancke B, Vieira C, Ritchie MG, Zwaan BJ, Tauber E, Orengo DJ, Puerma E, Aguadé M, Schmidt P, Parsch J, Betancourt AJ, Flatt T, González J. 2020. Genomic analysis of European Drosophila melanogaster populations reveals longitudinal structure, continent-wide selection, and previously unknown DNA viruses. Molecular Biology and Evolution 37:2661-2678.

Adrian-Kalchhauser I, Blomberg A*, Larsson T*, Musilova Z*, Peart CR*, Pippel M*, Solbakken MH*, Suurväli J*, Walser J-C*, Wilson JY*, et al. 2020 The round goby genome provides insights into mechanisms that may facilitate biological invasions. BMC Biology 18:11.

Fröhlich M, Kunz J, Fryns C, Falkner S, Knief U, Schuppli M, Atmoko SSU, van Schaik CP, Schuppli C, van Noordwijk MA. 2020. Social interactions and partners in infant orang-utans of two wild populations. Animal Behaviour:accepted.

Grosser, K., and D. Metzler. 2020. Modeling methylation dynamics with simultaneous changes in CpG islands. BMC Bioinformatics 21:115.

Knief U, Bossu CM, Wolf JBW. 2020. Extra-pair paternity as a strategy to reduce the costs of heterospecific reproduction? Insights from the crow hybrid zone. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 33:727–733.

Kutschera VE, Poelstra JW, Botero-Castro F, Dussex N, Gemmell NJ, Hunt GR, Ritchie MG, Rutz C, Wiberg RAW, Wolf JBW. 2020. Purifying selection in corvids is less efficient on islands. Molecular Biology and Evolution 37:469–474.

Mugal CF, Kutschera VE, Botero-Castro F, Wolf JBW, Kaj I. 2020. Polymorphism data assist estimation of the nonsynonymous over synonymous fixation rate ratio ω for closely related species. Molecular Biology and Evolution 37:260–279.

AC Norte, G Margos, NS Becker, et. al. Host dispersal shapes the population structure of a tick-borne bacterial pathogen. Molecular Ecology; 2020: 29:485-501

Oeyen JP, Patrice Baa-Puyoulet P, Benoit JB, Beukeboom LW, Bornberg-Bauer E, Buttstedt A, Calevro F, Cash EI, Chao H, Charles H, Chen MM, Childers C, Cridge AG, Dearden P, Dinh H, Doddapaneni HV, Dolan A, Donath A, Dowling D, Dugan S, Duncan E, Elpidina EN, Friedrich M, Geuverink E, Gibson JD, Grath S, Grimmelikhuijzen CJP, Große-Wilde E, Gudobba C, Han Y, Hansson BS, Hauser F, Hughes DST, Ioannidis P, Jacquin-Joly E, Jennings EC, Jones JW, Klasberg S, Lee SL, Lesný P, Lovegrove M, Martin S, Martynov AG, Mayer C, Montagné N, Moris VC, Munoz-Torres M, Murali SC, Muzny DM, Oppert B, Parisot N, Pauli T, Peters RS, Petersen M, Pick C, Persyn E, Podsiadlowski L, Poelchau MF, Provataris P, Qu J, Reijnders MJMF, von Reumont BM, Rosendale AJ, Simao FA, Skelly J, Sotiropoulos AG, Stahl AL, Sumitani M, Szuter EM, Tidswell O, Tsitlakidis E, Vedder L, Waterhouse RM, Werren JH, Wilbrandt J, Worley KC, Yamamoto DS, van de Zande L, Zdobnov EM, Ziesmann T, Gibbs RA, Richards S, Hatakeyama M, Misof B, Niehuis O. 2020: Sawfly genomes reveal evolutionary acquisitions that fostered the mega-radiation of parasitoid and eusocial Hymenoptera. Genome Biology and Evolution, 12(7):1099–1188.

Paris M, Boyer R, Jaenichen R, Wolf JBW, Karageorgi M, Green J, Cagnon M, Parinello H, Estoup A, Gautier M, et al. 2020. Near-chromosome level genome assembly of the fruit pest Drosophila suzukii using long-read sequencing. Scientific Reports: in press

Peart CR*, Tusso S*, Pophaly SD*, Botero-Castro F, Wu C, Aurioles-Gamboa D, Baird AB, Bickham JW, Forcada J, Galimberti F, et al. 2020. Determinants of genetic variation across eco-evolutionary scales in pinnipeds. Nature Ecology Evolution: in press.

Peñalba JV, Wolf JBW. 2020. From molecules to populations: appreciating and estimating recombination rate variation. Nature Reviews Genetics:1–17.

Peñalba, JV, Deng, Y, Fang, Q, Joseph, L, Moritz, C and Cockburn, A, 2020. Genome of an iconic Australian bird: High‐quality assembly and linkage map of the superb fairy‐wren (Malurus cyaneus). Molecular Ecology Resources, 20:560-578.

Rossi M., Hausmann, A.E., Thurman, T.J., Montgomery, S.H., Papa, R., M McMillan, W.O., & Merrill, R.M. Visual mate preference evolution during butterfly speciation is linked to neural processing genes. Nature Communications 11: 4763

Stoffel MA, Acevedo‐Whitehouse K, Morales‐Durán N, Grosser S, Chakarov N, Krüger O, Nichols HJ, Elorriaga‐Verplancken FR, Hoffman JI. 2020. Early sexual dimorphism in the developing gut microbiome of northern elephant seals. Molecular Ecology: 1– 14.

Weissensteiner MH, Bunikis I, Catalán A, Francoijs K-J, Knief U, Heim W, Peona V, Pophaly SD, Sedlazeck FJ, Suh A, et al. 2020. The population genomics of structural variation in a songbird genus. Nature Communications: in press.


Catalán, A., A. D. Briscoe, and S. Höhna. 2019. Drift and Directional Selection Are the Evolutionary Forces Driving Gene Expression Divergence in Eye and Brain Tissue of Heliconius Butterflies. Genetics 213:581–594.

Darragh K, Byers KJRP, Merrill RM, McMillan WO, Schulz S, Jiggins CD (2019) Male pheromone composition depends on larval but not adult diet in Heliconius melpomene. Ecological Entomology 44(3):397-405

Dopheide A., Tooman LK, Grosser S, Agabiti B, Rhode B, Xie D, Stevens MI, Nelson N, Buckley TR, Drummond AJ, Newcomb RD. 2019. Estimating the biodiversity of terrestrial invertebrates on a forested island using DNA barcodes and metabarcoding data. Ecological Applications 29(4):e01877.

Eisenhauer N, Brose U, Buscot F, Durka W, Ebeling A, Fischer M, Gleixner G, Heintz-Buschart A, Hines J, Jesch A, et al. 2019. Biotic interactions, community assembly, and eco-evolutionary dynamics as drivers of long-term biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Research Ideas and Outcomes 5:e47042.

Foote AD, Martin MD, Louis M, Pacheco G, Robertson KM, Sinding M-HS, Amaral AR, Baird RW, Baker CS, Ballance L, et al. 2019. Killer whale genomes reveal a complex history of recurrent admixture and vicariance. Molecular Ecology 28:3427–3444.

Grosser S, Sauer J, Paijmans AJ, Caspers BA, Forcada J, Wolf JBW*, Hoffman JI*. 2019. Fur seal microbiota are shaped by the social and physical environment, show mother–offspring similarities and are associated with host genetic quality. Molecular Ecology 28:2406–2422.

Holtmann B, Buskas J, Steele M, Solokovskis K, Wolf JBW. 2019. Dominance relationships and coalitionary aggression against conspecifics in female carrion crows. Scientific Reports 9:1–8.

Hooper R, Brealey JC, Valk T van der, Alberdi A, Durban JW, Fearnbach H, Robertson KM, Baird RW, Hanson MB, Wade P, et al. 2019. Host-derived population genomics data provides insights into bacterial and diatom composition of the killer whale skin. Molecular Ecology 28:484–502.

Kerbs, P., A.M. Nazeer Batcha, S. Vosberg, D. Metzler, T. Herold, P.A. Greif. 2019. Gene Fusion Detection By RNA-Seq in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). Blood (2019) 134 (Supplement_1): 4655.

Knief U*, Bossu CM*, Saino N, Hansson B, Poelstra J, Vijay N, Weissensteiner M, Wolf JBW. 2019. Epistatic mutations under divergent selection govern phenotypic variation in the crow hybrid zone. Nature Ecology and Evolution 3:570–576.

Königer A, Arif S, Grath S*. 2019. Three quantitative trait loci explain more than 60% of variation for chill coma recovery time in a natural population of Drosophila ananassae. *corresponding author. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics, 9(11):3715-3725.

Margos G, Becker NS, Fingerle V, Sing A, Ramos JA, Lopes de Carvalhoc I, Norte AC. Core genome phylogenetic analysis of the avian associated Borrelia turdi indicates a close relationship to Borrelia garinii. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution; 131:93-98.

Margos G, Fedorova N, Becker NS, Kleinjan JE, Marosevic D, Krebs S, Hui L, Fingerle V, Lane RS. Borrelia maritima sp. nov., a novel species of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, occupies a basal position to North American species. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology: in press.

Merrill RM, Rastas P, Martin SH, Melo MC, Barker S, Davey J, McMillan WO, Jiggins CD (2019) Genetic dissection of assortative mating behavior. PLOS Biology

Pan H, Cole TL, Bi X, Fang M, Zhou C, Yang Z, Ksepka DT, Hart T, Bouzat JL, Argilla LS, et al. 2019. High-coverage genomes to elucidate the evolution of penguins. GigaScience 8.

Ramnarine, T., A. Glaser-Schmitt, A. Catalán, and J. Parsch. 2019. Population Genetic and Functional Analysis of a cis-Regulatory Polymorphism in the Drosophila melanogaster Metallothionein A gene. Genes (Basel). 10:147.

Tao Y-T, Suo F, Tusso S, Wang Y-K, Huang S, Wolf JBW, Du L-L. 2019. Intraspecific Diversity of Fission Yeast Mitochondrial Genomes. Genome Biology and Evolution 11:2312–2329.

Tusso S, Nieuwenhuis BPS, Sedlazeck FJ, Davey JW, Jeffares DC, Wolf JBW. 2019. Ancestral admixture is the main determinant of global biodiversity in fission yeast. Molecular Biology and Evolution 36:1975–1989.

Wu C-C, Klaesson A, Buskas J, Ranefall P, Mirzazadeh R, Söderberg O, Wolf JBW. 2019. In situ quantification of individual mRNA transcripts in melanocytes discloses gene regulation of relevance to speciation. Journal of Experimental Biology 222:jeb194431.

Zollinger SA, Dorado-Correa A, Goymann W, Forstmeier W, Knief U, Bastidas-Urrutia AM, Brumm H. 2019. Traffic noise exposure depresses plasma corticosterone and delays offspring growth in breeding zebra finches. Conservation Physiology 7:coz056.



Catalán, A., A. Macias-Muñoz, and A. D. Briscoe. 2018. Evolution of sex-biased gene expression and dosage compensation in the eye and brain of heliconius butterflies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 35:2120–2134. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msy111

Glaser-Schmitt A, Zečić A, Parsch J (2018) Gene regulatory variation in Drosophila melanogaster renal tissue. Genetics 210:287-301.

Königer A, Grath S*. 2018. Transcriptome analysis reveals candidate genes for cold tolerance in Drosophila ananassae. *corresponding author. Genes (Basel), 9(12):624.

Peona V, Weissensteiner MH, Suh A (2018) How complete are “complete” genome assemblies? – An avian perspective. Mol Ecol Resour. 2018: 1-8

Faria R, Triant D, Perdomo-Sabogal A, Overduin B, Bleidorn Ch, Bermudez Santana CI, Langenberger D, Dall’Olio GM, Indrischek H, Aerts J, Engelhardt J, Engelken J, Liebal K, Fasold M, Robb S, Grath S, Kolora SRR, Carvalho T, Salzburger W, Jovanovic V, Nowick K (2018) Introducing evolutionary biologists to the analysis of big data: guidelines to organize extended bioinformatics training coursesEvolution: Education and Outreach

Link VM, Romanoski CE, Metzler D, Glass CK (2018) MMARGE: Motif Mutation Analysis for Regulatory Genomic Elements. Nucleic Acids Research gky491.

Pemberton TJ, Verdu P, Becker NS, Willer CJ, Hewlett BS, Le Bomin S, Froment A, Rosenberg NA , Heyer E (2018) A genome scan for genes underlying adult body size differences between Central African hunter-gatherers and farmers. Human Genetics/ 137: 487-509.

Catalán A, Macias-Muñoz A, Briscoe AD (2018) Evolution of Sex-Biased Gene Expression and Dosage Compensation in the Eye and Brain of Heliconius Butterflies. Molecular Biology and Evolution, msy111.

Link V, Duttke S, Chun H, Holtman I, Westin E, Hoeksema M, Abe Y, Skola D, Romanoski C, Tao J, Fonseca G, Troutman T, Spann N, Strid T, Sakai M, Yu M, Hu R, Fang F, Metzler D, Ren B, Glass C (2018) Analysis of Genetically Diverse Macrophages Reveals Local and Domain-wide Mechanisms that Control Transcription Factor Binding and Function. Cell 173:1–14.

Argyridou E, Parsch J (2018). Regulation of the X chromosome in the germline and soma of Drosophila melanogaster males. Genes (Basel), 9:242

Nieuwenhuis BPS, Tusso S, Bjerling P, Stångberg J, Wolf JBW, Immler S (2018) Repeated evolution of self-compatibility for reproductive assurance. Nature Communications, 9:1639.

Glaser-Schmitt A, Parsch J (2018) Functional characterization of adaptive variation within a cis-regulatory element influencing Drosophila melanogaster growth. PLoS Biol 16:e2004538.

Wenk C, Garz A, Grath S, Huberle C, Witham D, Niggenmeyer J, Weickert M, Hecker J, Mulholland C, Oostendorp RAJ, Müller-Thomas C, Peschel C, Metzeler K, Götze KS. 2018: Direct Modulation of the Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Compartment by Azacitidine Enhances Healthy Hematopoiesis. Blood Advances, 2(23):3447-3461.

Wittmann M, Stuis H, Metzler D (2018) Genetic Allee effects and their interaction with ecological Allee effectsJournal of Animal Ecology 7:11-23.

Condamine F, Rolland J, Höhna S, Sperling F, Sanmartín I (2018) Testing the Role of the Red Queen and Court Jester as Drivers of the Macroevolution of Apollo Butterflies. Systematic Biology, syy009.

Freyman WA, Höhna S (2018) Cladogenetic and Anagenetic Models of Chromosome Number Evolution: A Bayesian Model Averaging Approach. Systematic Biology 67: 195–215.


Martin CH, Höhna S (2017) New evidence for the recent divergence of Devil's Hole pupfish and the plausibility of elevated mutation rates in endangered taxa. Molecular Ecology DOI: 10.1111/mec.14404.

Höhna S, Coghill LM, Mount GG, Thomson RC, Brown JM (2017) P3: Phylogenetic Posterior Prediction in RevBayes. Molecular Biology and Evolution, msx286.

Holtmann B, Santos ESA, Lara CE, Nakagawa S (2017) Personality- matching habitat choice, rather than behavioural plasticity, is a likely driver of a phenotype–environment covariance. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284: 20170943.

Pereira RJ, Sasaki MC, Burton RS (2017) Adaptation to a latitudinal thermal gradient within a widespread copepod species: the contributions of genetic divergence and phenotypic plasticity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284(1853): 20170236–8. 

Dutoit L, Vijay N, Mugal CF, Bossu CM, Burri R, Wolf JBW, Ellegren H (2017) Covariation in levels of nucleotide diversity in homologous regions of the avian genome long after completion of lineage sorting. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284: 20162756.

Ellegren H, Wolf JBW (2017) Parallelism in genomic landscapes of differentiation, conserved genomic features and the role of linked selection. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 30: 1516–1518.

Martin CH, Höhna S, Crawford JE, Turner BJ, Richards EJ, Simons LH (2017) The complex effects of demographic history on the estimation of substitution rate: concatenated gene analysis results in no more than twofold overestimation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284 (1860): 20170537.

Shafer ABA, Peart CR, Tusso S, Maayan I, Brelsford A, Wheat CW, Wolf JBW (2017) Bioinformatic processing of RAD-seq data dramatically impacts downstream population genetic inference. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 8: 907–917.

Vijay N, Weissensteiner M, Burri R, Kawakami T, Ellegren H, Wolf JBW (2017) Genomewide patterns of variation in genetic diversity are shared among populations, species and higher-order taxa. Molecular Ecology 26: 4284–4295.

Weissensteiner MH, Pang AWC, Bunikis I, Höijer I, Vinnere-Petterson O, Suh A, Wolf JBW (2017) Combination of short-read, long-read, and optical mapping assemblies reveals large-scale tandem repeat arrays with population genetic implications. Genome Research 27: 697–708.

Nabholz B, Wolf JBW (2017) Colonisation of subterranean ecosystems leads to larger genome in waterlouse (Aselloidea). Peer Community in Evolutionary Biology: 100029.

Garz A, Wolf S, Grath S, Gaidzik V, Habringer S, Vick B, Rudelius M, Ziegenhain C, Herold S, Weickert M, Smets M, Peschel C, Oostendorp RAJ, Bultmann S, Jeremias I, Thiede C, Döhner K, Keller U, Götze KS (in press) Azacitidine combined with the selective FLT3 kinase inhibitor crenolanib disrupts stromal protection and inhibits expansion of residual leukemia-initiating cells in FLT3-ITD AML with concurrent epigenetic mutations. Oncotarget.

Knief U, Forstmeier W, Pei Y, Ihle M, Wang , Martin K, Opatová P, Albrechtová J, Wittig M, Franke A, Albrecht T, Kempenaer B (2017) A sex-chromosome inversion causes strong overdominance for sperm traits that affect siring success. Nature Ecology & Evolution.

Argyridou E, Huylmans AK, Königer A, Parsch J (2017) X-linkage is not a general inhibitor of tissue-specific gene expression in Drosophila melanogaster. Heredity 119: 27-34.

Knief U, Schielzeth H, Backström N, Hemmrich-Stanisak G, Wittig M, Franke A, Griffith SC, Ellegren H, Kempenaers B, Forstmeier W (2017) Association mapping of morphological traits in wild and captive zebra finches: reliable within but not between populations. Molecular Ecology 26: 1285–1305.

Wolf JBW and Ellegren H (2017) Making sense of genomic islands of differentiation in light of speciation. Nature Reviews Genetics 18: 87–100.

Croze M, Wollstein A, Božičević V, Živković D, Stephan W, Hutter S (2017) A genome-wide scan for genes under balancing selection in Drosophila melanogaster. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17: 15.

Grandke F, Ranganathan S, van Bers N, de Haan JR, Metzler D (2017) PERGOLA: Fast and deterministic linkage mapping of polyploids. BMC Bioinformatics 18: 12.

Knief U, B Kempenaers, W Forstmeier 2017: Meiotic recombination shapes precision of pedigree- and marker-based estimates of inbreeding. Heredity 118: 239–248.

Grosser S, Abdelkrim J, Wing J, Robertson BC, Gemmell NJ (in press) Strong isolation by distance argues for separate population management of endangered blue duck (Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos). Conservation Genetics.

Wollenberg Valero KC, Garcia-Porta J, Rodriguez A, Arias M, Shah A, Randrianiaina RD, Brown JL, Glaw F, Amat F, Künzel S, Metzler D, Isokpehi RD, Vences M (2017) Transcriptomic and macroevolutionary evidence for phenotypic uncoupling between frog life history phases. Nature Communications 8:15213


Foote A, Vijay N, Ávila-Arcos MC, Baird RW, Durban JW, Fumagalli M, Gibbs RA, Hanson MB, Korneliussen TS, Martin MD, Robertson KM, Sousa VC, Vieira FG, Vinař T, Wade P, Kim CW, Excoffier L, Morin PA, Gilbert MTP, Wolf JBW (2016) Genome-culture coevolution promotes rapid divergence of killer whale ecotypes. Nature Communications 7: 11693.

von Heckel K, Stephan W, Hutter S (2016) Canalization of gene expression is a major signature of regulatory cold adaptation in temperate Drosophila melanogaster. BMC Genomics 17: 574.

Croze M, Živković D, Stephan W, Hutter S (2016) Balancing selection on immunity genes: Review of the current literature and new analysis in Drosophila melanogaster. Zoology 119: 322-329.

Gong X, Bräcker L, Bölke N, Plata C, Zeitlmayr S, Metzler D, Olbricht K, Gompel N, Parniske M (2016) Identification of strawberry accessions with reduced emergence rates of the pest Drosophila suzukii. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1880.

Metzler D, Jordan F, Pamminger T, Foitzik S (2016) The influence of space and time on the evolution of altruistic defense: the case of ant slave rebellion. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 29: 874–886.

Staab P, Metzler D (2016) Coala: An R framework for coalescent simulation. Bioinformatics 32(12): 1903-1904.

Grandke F, Singh P, Heuven HCM, de Haan JR, Metzler D (2016) Advantages of continuous genotype values over genotype classes for GWAS in higher polyploids: a comparative study in hexaploid chrysanthemum. BMC Genomics 17: 672.

von Thienen W, Metzler D, Witte V (2016) How memory and motivation modulate the responses to trail pheromones in three ant speciesBehavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 70(3): 393-407.

Catalán A, Glaser-Schmitt A, Argyridou E, Duchen P, Parsch J (2016) An indel polymorphism in the MtnA 3' untranslated region is associated with gene expression variation and local adaptation in Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS Genetics 12: e1005987.

Huylmans AK, López Ezquerra A, Parsch J, Cordellier M (2016) De novo transcriptome assembly and sex-biased gene expression in the cyclical parthenogenetic Daphnia galeata. Genome Biology and Evolution 8: 3120.

Grath S, Parsch J (2016) Sex-biased gene expression. Annual Review of Genetics 50: 29.

Knief U, Hemmrich-Stanisak G, Wittig M, Franke A, Griffith SC, Kempenaers B, Forstmeier W (2016) Fitness consequences of polymorphic inversions in the zebra finch genome. Genome Biology 17: 199.

Becker NS, Margos G, Blum H, Krebs S, Graf A, Lane RS, Castillo-Ramírez S, Sing A, Fingerle V (2016) Recurrent evolution of host and vector association in bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species complex. BMC Genomics 17: 734.

Vijay N, Bossu CM, Poelstra JW, Weissensteiner MH, Suh A, Kryukof AG, Wolf JBW (2016) Evolution of heterogenous genome differentiation across multiple contact zones in a crow species complex. Nature Communications 7: 13195.